WHAT TO PLANT
- Seed in Ground: arugula, snap and liana beans, lima bush beans, beets, carrots, cilantro, collards, sweet corn, dill, mustard greens, onion sets, parsley, southern peas (early), peppers, pumpkin (early), radish, turnip, winter squash
- Seed Indoors: bok choi, broccoli, cabbage, swiss chard, cucumber, kale, leeks, head lettuce, summer squash, zucchini
- Transplant: cantaloupe, eggplant, green beans, peppers, pumpkins, tomatoes, watermelon, winter squash
Southern Exposure Seed Exchange’s Quick Reference to Fall/Winter Vegetable Gardening.
WHAT TO DO
- Prune berries.
- Gather and dry herbs.
- In empty beds, plant a cover crop of red clover to build soil and reduce erosion.
- Start seeds of broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower to transplant later.
- Continue to set out tomato and pepper transplants.
- Direct-seed limas, corn, cucumbers, squash, dill, and basil
- Clean up the garden, then mulch the bare soil to conserve moisture.
- Replenish mulches around plants to keep weeds down and conserve moisture.
- Don’t overstimulate dormant plants with unnecessary water or feeding; they’ll resume growth when the weather cools.
- Trim back dead blooms on crape myrtles and vitex to encourage secondary fall blooms
- Plant snapdragons, dianthus, pansies, calendulas and other cool-loving flowers around the garden for fall colors.
- Sow wildflower seeds – including bluebonnets – which will bloom next springtime if good roots develop late this summer/early fall.
- Continue to pick productive flowers on a regular basis to encourage new growth and fresh blooms for an extended season.
- Pray for rain.
- Work compost into beds, then plant more and more fall crops in the garden.
- Check your drip irrigation system to ensure no leaks and no malfunctions.
- Read through The Guide to Starting a Fall Garden, by Extension Horticulturists in San Antonio and Uvalde.